Fibroids and polyps are generally benign uterine tumours. In very rare cases, they may be attributable to malignant changes. Fibroids are muscle growths in the wall of the uterus. They are very common in women of child-bearing age, being found in approx. 30-50% of all women. The significance of the fibroid and whether it can affect fertility depends on its size and position in the uterus. This is assessed using ultrasound imaging or, if necessary, hysteroscopy (uterine endoscopy). If a fibroid may be an issue, its removal can be discussed.
Polyps are tumours of the endometrium. From approx. 1 cm, they may have a negative impact on embryo implantation. Removal is then recommended using surgical hysteroscopy.